From the perspective of the Shari‘ah, the overarching purposes (maqāṣid) of medicine are
- the preservation of life, the body, its limbs, and considering them as necessities;
- warding off harms and anything which is harmful;
- preservation of health and providing treatment; and,
- enabling mankind to fulfill its role of stewardship (Ar. khilāfah).1
There is a large body of Arabic literature concerning the fiqh of contemporary medical issues that is largely overlooked in English speaking circles. This is one of that body’s gems.