The Accessible Conspectus: Prayer

This is the fourth installment from a series of posts aimed at making The Ultimate Conspectus accessible to readers who have never read fiqh before.


2 Prayer

The original meaning of the word “ṣalāt” is supplication (“dūʿa”). Its technical meaning in the books of fiqh is a set of actions and utterances that begins with saying, “Allāhu akbar,” and ends with saying, “al-salāmu ʿalaykum,” performed according to specific conditions.

The textual foundation for the obligation to pray comes from the Quran and Sunnah. Allah Most High says, “…Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times,” [Q4:104.] The Prophet ﷺ said, “Islam is based on five pillars: testifying that there is no deity except for Allah and that Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, establishing prayer, offering zakāt, performing Ḥajj, and fasting Ramaḍān.” Prayer is also mentioned in the well-known hadith where Jibril (peace be upon him) came to the Prophet ﷺ and asked about the practices and beliefs of Islam (islām and īmān), and about its perfection (iḥsān) and the signs of the Final Hour (ʿalmāt al-ṣāʿah). When asked about Islam, he ﷺ mentioned prayer and the remaining five pillars.

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Endowment, Gift & Inheritance #iḥsānology – collection 8

This is the eight collection of short summaries of content from Shajarat al-Maʿārif which I post to my Twitter and Facebook accounts. There are other collections. The numbers at the end of entries refer to the item number in the printed text in order to facilitate its reference.

This collection focuses on beneficence and excellence related to endowments, gifts, and inheritance.

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Transaction & property #iḥsānology – collection 7

This is the seventh collection of short summaries of content from Shajarat al-Maʿārif which I post to my Twitter and Facebook accounts. There are other collections. The numbers at the end of entries refer to the item number in the printed text in order to facilitate its reference.

This collection focuses on beneficence and excellence related to transactions and property.

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Why #iḥsānology?

The #iḥsānology updates are short summaries of content from Shajarat al-maʿārif, one of Al-ʿIzz bin ʿAbd al-Salām’s many practical guides to implementing belief, law, and excellence. The book has 868 sections. Some sections are one-liners; others span several pages. I don’t aim to convey everything in the book, but rather some of the more useful … Read more…

#iḥsānology – collection 5

This is the fifth collection of short summaries of content from Shajarat al-Maʿārif which I post to my Twitter and Facebook accounts. See week 1 for more details; see also week 2, weeks 3–4, and collection 4 for earlier collections. The numbers at the end of entries refer to the item number in the printed text in order to facilitate its reference.

This collection covers from 1 May 2014 through mid-July. Most of the entries iḥsān in general, and iḥsān mentioned in books of fiqh.

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#iḥsānology – collection 4

This is the fourth collection of short summaries of content from Shajarat al-Maʿārif which I post to my Twitter and Facebook accounts. See week 1 for more details; see also week 2 and weeks 3–4. The numbers at the end of entries refer to the item number in the printed text in order to facilitate its reference.

This collection covers from 12 April 2014 through to 1 May 2014. Most of the entries here concern prohibitions related to excellence in inward matters, such as intentions, attitudes, and perspectives.

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#iḥsānology collected – weeks 3-4

This is the third collection of short summaries of content from Shajarat al-Maʿārif which I post to my Twitter and Facebook accounts. See week 1 for more details; see also week 2. The numbers at the end of entries refer to the item number in the printed text in order to facilitate its reference.

This collection covers from 1 April 2014 through to 12 April 2014. Most of the entries here concern injunctions related to excellence in inward matters, such as intentions, attitudes, and perspectives.

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#iḥsānology collected – week 2

This is the second collection of short summaries of content from Shajarat al-Maʿārif which I post to my Twitter and Facebook accounts. See week 1 for more details. I have started including numbers at the end of entries to facilitate referencing the Arabic text.

This collection covers from 22 March 2014 through to 31 March 2014. Most of the entries here concern injunctions related to excellence in inward matters, such as intentions, attitudes, and perspectives.

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